Dinosaur Graveyard


Dinosaur Names

Dinosaur:  Acanthopholis

Pronunciation:  a-kan-THOF-o-liss

Translation:  Spine Bearer, because of it's spiny scales

Location:  Europe

Era:  Cretaceous Period, 140 million years ago

Fossils Found:  Teeth, Scales, and partial Skull

Length:  10 to 18 feet

Weight:  800 pounds

Diet:  Plant Eater


Acanthopholis was a genus of Ankylosaurid dinosaur in the family Nodosauridae that lived during the Early Cretaceous Period (Albian to Cenomanian stages) around 140 million years ago. The dinosaur's name refers to the its armour (Greek akantha meaning 'spine' or 'thorn' and pholis meaning 'scale'). Acanthopholis's armour consisted of oval plates set almost horizontally into the skin, with spikes protruding from the neck and shoulder area, along the spine. Acanthopholis was quadrupedal and herbivorous. Its size has been estimated to be in the range of 10 to 18 feet long and approximately 380 kg in weight.

A partial find of braincase and some postcranial elements was discovered in England in 1867, and was named Acanthopholis horrida by Thomas Huxley. Acanthopholis is an invalid name in some sources, which state that not enough information has been collected to tell that the find is anything more than a Nodosaur.

Artist's rendering of Acanthopholis.
Artist's rendering of Acanthopholis.
Conservation status
Extinct (fossil)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Superorder: Dinosauria
Order: Ornithischia
Suborder: Thyreophora
Infraorder: Ankylosauria
Family: Nodosauridae
Genus: Acanthopholis
Species: A. horrida
Binomial name
Acanthopholis horrida
Huxley, 1867


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